Nov. 24, 2018 Held


Kingdom of Bahrain

Election for Majlis Al-Nuwab (Bahraini Council of Representatives)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:238,803
Valid Votes:221,819
Invalid Votes:16,984
Election Results Modified: Jan 19, 2023

General Information


Seats won in this election:

  • Independents:    7
  • The Progressive Tribune Society / Al Menbar Al Taqadomi: 1
  • Islamic Al Asalah: 1

At stake in this election:     

  • 40 seats in Bahrain’s Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa (since 6 March 1999)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Prince KHALIFA bin Salman al-Khalifa (since 1971)
  • Assembly: Bahrain has a bicameral National Assembly (al-Jamiyh al-Watani) consisting of the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura) with 40 seats and the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab) with 40 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
  • In the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura) 40 members are appointed by the monarch. In the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab) 40 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.**

** If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, a run-off is held.

Main parties in the electoral race:*

* Independents won 37 of 40 seats in the 2014 elections. Several opposition parties – including the leading Shiite party, Al-Wefaq, and the leading secular party, the National Democratic Action Society – have been dissolved by the government. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,566,993 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 365,467 (2018)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 573,892 (2018 est.)
  • Is Bahrain a signatory to CEDAW: No.
  • Has Bahrain ratified CEDAW: Yes (18 June 2002)
  • Gender Quota: No.
  • Female Candidates in this election: N/A
  • Number of Female Legislators: 4 (10%) of 40 seats in the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab); 11 (27.5%) of 40 seats in the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura).
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 43 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: Not Ranked (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Bahrain a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 June 2007)
  • Has Bahrain ratified CRPD: Yes (22 September 2011)
  • Population with a disability: 201,992 (2018 est.)
Election Modified: Jan 19, 2023

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