Nov. 4, 2018 Held

New Caledonia


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:138,934
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

Referendum Vote Share

Do you want New Caledonia to accede to full sovereignty and become independent?




Election Results Modified: Jun 21, 2024

General Information

At stake in this referendum:  

  • The independence of New Caledonia

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Francois HOLLANDE*
  • Head of Government: President of the Governement Philippe GERMAINE**
  • Assembly: New Caledonia has a unicameral Territorial Congress (Congres du Territoire) with 54 seats.

* Represented in New Caledonia by High Commissioner Thierry LATASTE

** President of the Governement is elected by parliament to serve a 5-year term.

Electoral requirements:  

  • The referendum requires a simple majority to pass

About the referendum:  

  • The referendum is on New Caledonia’s independence from France. New Caledonia is currently a French territory. The last independence referendum was in 1987.

Provisions in the referendum:

  • Do you want New Caledonia to accede to full sovereignty and become independent?

Population and number of registered voters:  

  • Population: 279,821 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 174,154 (2018)

Gender Data:  

  • Female Population: 138,958 (2018 est.)
  • Is New Caledonia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes – via France (17 July 1980)
  • Has New Caledonia ratified CEDAW: Yes – via France (14 December 1980)
  • Gender Quota: N/A
  • Female candidates in this election: N/A
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 18
  • Human Development Index Position: France – 24 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: France – Very Low (2014)

Disability Data:  

  • Is New Caledonia a signatory to CRPD: Yes – via France (30 March 2007)
  • Has New Caledonia ratified CRPD: Yes – via France (18 Febraury 2010)
  • Population with a disability: 41,973 (2018 est.)
Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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