Republic of Colombia: Referendum, 2 October 2016
At stake in this election:
- This referendum will determine public support for the peace agreement between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon (since 7 August 2010)
- Head of Government: President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon (since 7 August 2010)
- Assembly: Colombia has a bicameral Congreso (Congress) consisting of the Senado (Senate) with 102 seats and the Camara de Representantes (Chamber of Representatives) with 166 seats.
- For the referendum to pass, a simple majority of votes in favor is required and to be valid, a minimum turnout of 25% of registered voters must participate.
About the referendum:
- This referendum will determine public support for the peace agreement signed between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
Main provisions in the referendum:
- “Do you support the final accord to end the conflict and build a stable and lasting peace?”
- “Apoya usted el acuerdo final para terminar el conflicto y construir una paz estable y duradera?”
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 46,736,728 (July 2015 est.)
· Registered Voters: 32,975,158 (2014)
· Female Population: 23,646,116 (July 2015 est.)
· Is Colombia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Colombia ratified CEDAW: Yes (19 January 1982)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 33 (Chamber of Representatives); 23 (Senate)
· Human Development Index Position: 97
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low
· Is Colombia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Colombia ratified CRPD: Yes (10 May 2011)
· Population with a disability: 7,010,509 (est.)
 For lists submitted for election of 5 or more seats, at least 30% of candidates of each gender must be included. This applies to both the Chamber of Representatives and the Senate.