Dec. 18, 1997 Held

South Korea

Republic of Korea

Election for South Korean Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:26,042,633
Valid Votes:25,511,225
Invalid Votes:531,408

Vote Share by Candidate:

Dae-Jung Kim10,326,275


Hoi-chang LEE9,935,718


In-je LEE4,925,591


Yeong-Gil Gwon306,026


Kyeong-Yeong HUH32,918


Jeong-Il Shin11,901


Han-sik KIM5,714

Election Results Modified: Jun 21, 2024

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of South Korea

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President KIM Young-sam 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister 
  • Assembly: South Korea has a unicameral National Assembly (Kukhoe) with 299 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the National Assembly (Kukhoe), 243 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 56 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Gwon Yeong-gil
    • Party: Independent
  • Huh Kyeong-yeong
    • Party: Independent
  • Kim Dae-jung
    • Party: Min Joo Dang
  • Kim Han-sik
    • Party: Independent
  • Lee Hoi-chang 
    • Party: Grand National Party
  • Lee In-je
    • Party: Independent
  • Shin Jeong-il
    • Party: Independent

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on 18 December 1992. Kim Young-sam was elected with 42% of the vote.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 45,953,580 (1997)
  • Registered Voters: 32,290,416 (1997)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 22,921,570 (1997)

·         Is South Korea a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (25 May 1983)

·         Has South Korea ratified CEDAW: Yes (27 December 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes[5]

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 9 (following the 1996 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 17 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is South Korea a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has South Korea ratified CRPD: Yes (11 December 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 6,893,037 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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With Participation Rates