At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Namibia
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 March 2005) *
- Head of Government: President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 March 2005)
- Assembly: Namibia has a bicameral Legislature consisting of the National Council with 26 seats and the National Assembly with 78 seats.
*The President is both Chief of State and Head of Government
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
- In the National Council 26 members are elected by indirect vote to serve 6-year terms.* In the National Assembly, 72 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 6 non-voting members are appointed by the president.**
* Two members are chosen from each of the 13 regional councils by members of those councils.
** There are 13 multi-member constituencies corresponding to Namibia's regions.
On Friday 28 November 2014, Namibia will hold an election for President.[i] According to Namibia’s Constitution, if no candidate wins more than 50 percent of the vote, a runoff election will be required.[ii]
Main candidates in the electoral race:
- Candidate: Hage GEINGOB
- Party: South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) *
- Candidate: Hidipo HAMUTENYA
- Party: Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP)
- Candidate: McHenry VENAANI
- Party: Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA)
- Candidate: Asser MBAI
- Party: National Unity Democratic Organisation (NUDO)
- Candidate: Ignatius Nkotongo SHIXWAMENI
- Party: All People's Party (APP)
- Candidate: Henk Ferdinand MUDGE
- Party: Republican Party (RP)
- Candidate: Benjamin ULENGA
- Party: Congress of Democrats (COD)
- Candidate: Usutuaije MAAMBERUA
- Party: South West Africa National Union (SWANU)
- Candidate: Epafras Jan MUKWILONGO
- Party: Namibian Economic Freedom Fighters (NEFF)
* President POHAMBA cannot run in the November 2014 election due to term limits
- The last election for president of Namibia was held on 27 November 2009.[iii] There were 812,233 registered voters.[iv] Hifikepunye POHAMBA of the ruling South West Africa People’s Organizations (SWAPO) won with 611,241 votes or 75.25 percent of the vote.[v] Hidipo HAMUTENYA of the Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) came in second with 88,640 votes or 10.91 percent of the vote.[vi] Results can be found here.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 1,088,808 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Namibia a signatory to CEDAW: No.[ii]
- Has Namibia ratified CEDAW: Yes (23 November 1992)[iii]
- Gender Quota: Yes. a.) Legislated Candidate Quota (sub-national level): “In the election of any local authority council with 10 or less members, party lists must include at least 3 female persons.” b.) Voluntary Political Party Quota: South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO) “has a 50 percent quota with a zebra-system.[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: 0.
- Number of Female Legislators: 19 (24%) of 72 seats in the National Assembly[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 127[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 21st out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]