Nov. 7, 2018 Held


Republic of Madagascar

Election for Malagasy Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:3,104,753
Valid Votes:2,870,185
Invalid Votes:234,568

Vote Share by Candidate:

Andry RAJOELINA1,117,850


Marc RAVALOMANANA1,056,108



Election Results Modified: Nov 13, 2018

General Information

Note on the results: 

  • There were 36 candidates in this election. No candidate other than those listed above received more than 1.33% of the vote. The election will go to a second round between Marc RAVALOMANANA and Andry RAJOELINA on 19 December.

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Madagascar.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA*
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Christian NTSAY
  • Assembly: Madagascar has a bicameral Parliament currently consisting of the Council of the Transition (90 members) and the Congress of the Transition (256 members).

* As required by law, President RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA has stepped down to run for re-election. Vice President Riko RAKOTOVAO will serve as temporary president during the electoral period.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:*

    • Young Malagasies Determined / Tanora malaGasy Vonona (TGV)
    • Tiako I Madagasikara (TIM)
    • New Forces for Madagascar / Hery Vaovao ho an’ny Madagasikara (HVM)
  • Didier RATSIRAKA
    • Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar / Andry sy Rihana Enti-Manavotra an'i Madagasikara (AREMA)
  • Roland RATSIRAKA
    • Madagascar Has Come to its Senses / Malagasy Tonga Saina (MTS)

* There are 36 total candidates in this race.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 26,262,810 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 7,971,790 (2013)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 13,163,932 (2018 est.)
  • Is Madagascar a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Madagascar ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 March 1989)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 32 (following the 2010 elections)
  • Human Development Index Position: 161 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Madagascar a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)
  • Has Madagascar ratified CRPD: Yes (12 June 2015)
  • Population with a disability: 3,571,902 (2018 est.)
Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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