June 14, 2013 Held

Iran, Islamic Republic of

Islamic Republic of Iran

Election for Maqām mo'azzam rahbari (Iranian Supreme Leader)


Cast Votes:36,704,156
Valid Votes:35,458,747
Invalid Votes:1,245,409


Hassan ROUHANI18,613,329


Mohammad-Bagher GHALIBEF6,077,292


Saeed JALILI4,168,946


Mohsen REZAEE3,884,412


Ali Akbar VELAYATI2,268,753


Mohammad GHARAZI446,015


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Iran

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Hoseini- KHAMENEI *
  • Head of Government: President Mahmoud AHMANDINEJAD **
  • Assembly: Iran has a unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami) with 290 seats.

* The Leader of the Islamic Revolution is appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts.

** All Presidential candidates must be vetted and approved by the Guardian Council in order to campaign in the election.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Leader of the Islamic Revolution is appointed.
  • President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami) 290 members are elected by qualified plurality vote to serve 4-year terms.***

*** District magnitudes range from one to six. Five of 290 seats are reserved to recognized religious minorities. The electoral system is based on the multiple non-transferable vote (i.e. voters have as many votes to cast as there are seats to fill in the respective constituency). The victory threshold for a candidate is 25 percent, however. If no candidate exceeds 25 percent of votes in the first round, a second-round election is held. Two-way ties are broken by lot. There are no clear provisions for breaking ties among three or more candidates.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 77,152,445 (2013)
  • Registered Voters: 50,483,192 (June 2013)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 38,265,516 (2013)

·         Is Iran a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Iran ratified CEDAW: No

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 9 (following the 2009 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 69 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Iran a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Iran ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (23 Occtober 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 11,572,866 (est.)