June 16, 2012 Held


Arab Republic of Egypt

Election for Egyptian Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:26,420,763
Valid Votes:25,577,511
Invalid Votes:843,252

Vote Share by Candidate:

Mohamed MORSY13,230,131


Ahmed Mohamed SHAFIK12,347,380

Election Results Modified: May 28, 2012

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Egypt

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: N/A*
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Kamal GANZOURI
  • Assembly: Egypt has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Advisory Council (Majilis Al-Shura) with 264 seats and the People's Assembly (Majlis Al-Sha'b) with 498 seats.

* The office of president has been vacant since the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak in February 2011. Muhammad Hussein TANTAWI, head of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, is Acting head of state.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Advisory Council (Majilis Al-Shura), 176 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve 6-year terms and 88 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms. In the People's Assembly (Majlis Al-Sha'b), 166 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve 5-year terms and 332 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.**

** In the nominal tier, every district contains two seats and electors are given two votes. At least one seat in each district is reserved for a worker or farmer. If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, a second round is held one week later. This round will contain the top 4 vote-getters, provided 2 are workers and/or farmers. If the two top candidates in the first round are not workers or farmers, the top candidate is elected, while a new simple majority poll is held a week later among the top workers and farmers. PR seats are broken into 46 districts, which are based on Egypt’s 27 governorates. In the nominal tier of seats, 166 members are divided into 83 districts. The threshold for entering parliament is .05%.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

** ABOUL FOTOUH was previously a member of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 85,660,902 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 47,192,169 (2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 42,403,053 (2012)

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (16 July 1980)

·         Has Egypt ratified CEDAW: Yes (18 September 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 10 (following the 2011 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 108 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Egypt a signatory to CRPD: Yes (4 April 2007)

·         Has Egypt ratified CRPD: Yes (14 April 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 12,568,145 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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