March 4, 2012 Held

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

Election for Russian Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:71,701,665
Valid Votes:70,864,974
Invalid Votes:836,691

Vote Share by Candidate:

Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN45,602,075


Gennady Andreyevich ZYUGANOV12,318,353


Mikhail Dmitrievitch PROKHOROV5,722,508


Sergey Mikhailovich MIRONOV2,763,935

Election Results Modified: Feb 06, 2012

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Russia

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Dmitry Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV
  • Head of Government: Premier Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN
  • Assembly: Russia has a bicameral Federal Assembly (Federalnoye Sobraniye) consisting of the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) with 178 seats and the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma) with 450 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Premier is appointed by the president.
  • In the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) 178 members are appointed by regional governing councils*. In the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma) 450 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.**

* There are 89 constituencies with a district magnitude of two. Terms to the Federation Council are not nationally fixed, Terms instead are determined according to the regional bodies they represent.

** Seats are allocated using the Hare quota. There is one, nationwide district and a minimum threshold of 7%.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 143,201,676 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 109,860,331 (March 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 76,764,552 (2012)

·         Is Russia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Russia ratified CEDAW: Yes (23 January 1981)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 61 (State Duma) following the 2011 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 50 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Russia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (24 September 2008)

·         Has Russia ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 21,480,251 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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