Record Modified: Aug 16 2023

April 16, 2011 Held


Federal Republic of Nigeria

Election for Nigerian Presidency


Cast Votes:39,469,484
Valid Votes:38,209,978
Invalid Votes:1,259,506


Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN22,495,187


Muhammadu BUHARI12,214,853


Nuhu RIBADU2,079,151


Mallam Ibrahim SHEKARAU917,012


Patrick O. UTOMI11,544


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Nigeria

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN *
  • Head of Government: President Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN
  • Assembly: Nigeria has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate with 109 seats and the House of Representatives with 360 seats.

* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term). An absolute majority or at least 25% in two-thirds of the states is required for a candidate to be elected in the first round.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by qualified plurality vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Senate 109 members are elected by simple majority vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 360 members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.

* Three members are elected from each of the 36 states and one from Abuja.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

Population and registered voters:

  • Population: 163,770,669 (2011)
  • Registered Voters: 73,528,040 (2011)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 80,479,209 (2011)

·         Is Nigeria a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 April 1984)

·         Has Nigeria ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 June 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (House of Representatives); 4 (Senate) following the 2011 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 152 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Nigeria a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Nigeria ratified CRPD: Yes (24 September 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 24,565,600 (est.)