At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Niger
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Djibo SALOU *
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Mahamadou DANDA
- Assembly: Niger has a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 113 seats.
* SALOU deposed President Mamadou TANDJA on 18 February 2010
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
- Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
- In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 105 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 8 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.***
*** In the ordinal tier, the threshold is 5 percent. There are 8 multi-seat districts corresponding to the country's eight regions plus Niamey. In the nominal tier, 8 single-seat districts are drawn to favor recognized minority groups.
Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:
- Seyni OUMAROU
- Party: National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD-NASSARA) / Mouvement National pour la Société du Développement
- Mahamadou ISSOUFOU
- Party: Parti nigérien pour la démocratie et le socialisme (PNDS)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 16,946,485 (2011)
- Registered Voters: 6,740,046 (2011)
· Female Population: 8,412,440 (2011)
· Is Niger a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Niger ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (8 October 1999)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (following the 2009 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 188
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High
· Is Niger a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Niger ratified CRPD: Yes (24 June 2008)
· Population with a disability: 2,541,972 (est.)