March 7, 1998 Held


Republic of India

Election for Lok Sabha / लोक सभा (Indian People's Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:375,441,739
Valid Votes:368,458,523
Invalid Votes:6,983,216

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Bharatiya Janata Party 181

Indian National Congress 141

Others 51

Communist Party of India (Marxist) 32

Samajwadi Party 20

All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 18

Rashtriya Janata Dal 17

Samata Party (Samata Party) 12

Telugu Desam (TDP) (Telugu Desam (TDP)) 12

Biju Janata Dal 9

Communist Party of India 9

Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) (Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)) 8

West Bengal Trinamool Congress (West Bengal Trinamool Congress) 7

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 6

Janata Dal (Janata Dal) 6

Shiv Sena 6

Independents (Independents) 6

Election Results Modified: Apr 01, 2016

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 543 seats in the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Kicheril Raman NARAYANAN *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Atal Behari VAJPAYEE
  • Assembly: India has a bicameral Parliament (Sansad) consisting of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) with 250 seats and the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha) with 545 seats.

* The electoral college consists of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the states.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) 250 members are to serve 6-year terms*. In the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha), 543 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are appointed by the president.

* Up to 12 seats are appointed by the president and the remaining members are chosen by elected members of the state and territorial assemblies

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Indian People's Party / Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
    • Leader: Atal Bijari VAJPAYEE
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 182
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 161
  • Party: Indian National Congress-Indira (INC-I)
    • Leader: Sonia GANDHI
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 141
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 140
  • Bloc: United Front (UF)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 84
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 177
  • Party: Independents and others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 136
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 65

Last Parliamentary election:

  • The last elections to the Lok Sabha last were held on: April 27, May 2, May 7, May 23, and May 30, 1996.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,016,402,907 (1998)
  • Registered Voters: 605,880,192 (1998)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 490,018,434 (1998)

·         Is India a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980)

·         Has India ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 July 1993)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 44 (following the 1998 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 130 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is India a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has India ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)

·         Population with a disability: 152,460,436 (est.)

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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