May 28, 2006 Held


Republic of Colombia

Election for Colombian Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:12,041,737
Valid Votes:11,864,410
Invalid Votes:177,327

Vote Share by Candidate:

Alvaro URIBE Vélez7,397,835


Carlos GAVIRIA Diaz2,613,157


Horacio SERPA Uribe1,404,235


Antanas MOCKUS Sivickas146,583


Enrique PAREJO Gonzalez42,652


Alvaro LEYVA Duran18,263


Carlos Arturo RINCON Barreto15,388

Election Results Modified: Jun 27, 2006

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Colombia

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Alvaro URIBE Velez
  • Head of Government: President Alvaro URIBE Velez
  • Assembly: Colombia has a bicameral Congress (Congreso) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 102 seats and the House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes) with 166 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Senate (Senado) 102 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes) 166 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Alvaro URIBE Vélez
    • Party: Colombia First / Primero Colombia
  • Carlos GAVIRIA Diaz
    • Party: Alternative Democratic Pole / Polo Democrático Alternativo
  • Horacio SERPA Uribe
    • Party: Colombian Liberal Party / Partido Liberal Colombiano
  • Antanas MOCKUS Sivickas
    • Party: Indigenous Social Alliance Movement / Movimiento Alianza Social Indígena
  • Enrique PAREJO Gonzalez
    • Party: National Democratic Reconstruction Movement / Movimiento Reconstruccion Democratica Nacional
  • Alvaro LEYVA Duran******
    • Party: National Reconciliation Movement / Movimiento Nacional de Reconciliación
  • Carlos Arturo RINCON Barreto
    • Party: Communal and Communitarian Movement of Colombia / Movimiento Politico Comunal y Comunitario

****** Alvaro LEYVA Duran quit the race on May 14, two weeks before the election.

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on May 26, 2002. President Alvaro URIBE Velez received 53.04% of the vote against Horacio SERPA Uribe who obtained 31.72%.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 43,593,035 (July 2006 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 26,731,700 (May 2006 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 22,194,544 (2006)

·         Is Colombia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Colombia ratified CEDAW: Yes (19 January 1982)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 14 (House of Representatives); 12 (Senate) (following 2006 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 97 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Colombia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Colombia ratified CRPD: Yes (10 May 2011)

·         Population with a disability: 6,575,361 (est.)

Election Modified: Jun 21, 2024

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