Sept. 20, 2004 Held


Republic of Indonesia

Election for Indonesian Presidency


Cast Votes:116,662,700
Valid Votes:114,257,054
Invalid Votes:2,405,646


Susilo BambangYUDHOYONO and Dr. Muhammad Jusuf KALA69,266,350


*MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri and KH. A. Hasyim MUZADI44,990,704


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Indonesia

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri *
  • Head of Government: President MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri
  • Assembly: Indonesia has a unicameral House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) with 550 seats.

* Regional House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah): 1,838 seats for provincial House of Representatives 12,760 seats for district (regent/city) House of Representatives 128 seats for the new Regional Representative Council or DPD (Dewan Pewakilan Daerah).

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by direct vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) 550 members are elected .***

*** Members of the DPR are elected via an open list proportional representation system while the DPD candidates are elected using a Single Non Transferable Vote (SNTV). In this system, voters in each precinct will vote for one candidate only, with each province required to elect four representatives to the DPD.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO and Dr. Muhammad Jusuf KALA
    • Party: N/A
  • *MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri and KH. A. Hasyim MUZADI
    • Party: (PDI-P)

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO and Dr. Muhammad Jusuf KALA*
    • Party: Democratic Party
  • *MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri and KH. A. Hasyim MUZADI
    • Party: Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P)
  • General WIRANTO SH and Ir. H. Solahuddin WAHID
    • Party: Federation of Functional Groups (Golkar)
  • Amien RAISand Ir. H. Siswono Yudo HUSODO
    • Party: National Mandate Party (PAN)
  • Hamzah HAZ and H. Agum GUMELAR
    • Party: United Development Party (PPP)

* YUDHOYONO and MEGAWATI will advance to the second round of elections on September 20th.

Last Presidential election:

  • This is the first direct presidential election in Indonesia. The last presidential elections took place on October 20, 1999.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 223,268,606 (2004)
  • Registered Voters: 155,048,803 (2004)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 111,270,082 (2004)

·         Is Indonesia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1980)

·         Has Indonesia ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 62 (following the 2004 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 110 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Indonesia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Indonesia ratified CRPD: Yes (30 November 2011)

·         Population with a disability: 33,490,290 (est.)