At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Taiwan
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President CHEN Shui-bian
- Head of Government: Premier (President of the Executie Yuan_ YU Shyi-kun
- Assembly: Taiwan has a unicameral Legislative Yuan with 225 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Legislative Yuan, 176 members are elected by popular vote to serve 3-year terms and 49 members are selected .***
*** The remaining 49 members (8 ROC citizens who reside abroad and 41 in-country nationals) are selected by the political parties according to the proportion of nationwide votes received by each.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- CHEN Shui-bian
- Party: (DPP)
- LIEN Chan
- Party: Kuomintang (KMT)
Last Presidential election:
- The last presidential election was held on March 18, 2000 with CHEN Shui-bian securing the presidency with 39.3% of the votes, while the independent James SOONG won 36.84% of the votes, LIEN Chan from the KMT with 23.1% of the votes, independent candidate
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 22,605,000 (December 2003 est.)
- Registered Voters: 16,507,179 ( 2004 )