Dec. 19, 2002 Held

South Korea

Republic of Korea

Election for South Korean Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:24,784,963
Valid Votes:24,561,916
Invalid Votes:223,047

Vote Share by Candidate:

ROH Moo-hyun12,014,277


LEE Hoi-chang11,443,297


KWON Young-gil957,148


LEE Han-dong74,027


KIM Kil-su51,104


KIM Yeong-kyu22,063

Election Results Modified: Aug 17, 2023

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of South Korea

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President KIM Dae-jung
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister KIM Suk-soo
  • Assembly: South Korea has a unicameral National Assembly (Kukhoe) with 299 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the National Assembly (Kukhoe), 243 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 56 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • ROH Moo-hyun
    • Party: Millennium Democratic Party (MDP)
  • LEE Hoi-chang
    • Party: Grand National Party (GNP)
  • KWON Young-gil
    • Party: Democratic Labor Party
  • LEE Han-dong
    • Party: Hanaro National Union
  • KIM Kil-su
    • Party: Defense of the Nation Party
  • KIM Yeong-kyu
    • Party: Socialist Party

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on December 18, 1997. President KIM Dae-jung secured 40.3% of the votes cast, defeating YI Hoi-chang who received 38.7%.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 47,622,179 (2002)
  • Registered Voters: 34,991,529 (2002)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 23,756,388 (2002)

·         Is South Korea a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (25 May 1983)

·         Has South Korea ratified CEDAW: Yes (27 December 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes[5]

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 16 (following the 2000 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 17 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is South Korea a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has South Korea ratified CRPD: Yes (11 December 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 7,143,326 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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With Participation Rates