March 16, 1998 Held


Republic of Armenia

Election for Armenian Presidency


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:1,456,109
Valid Votes:1,417,932
Invalid Votes:38,177

Vote Share by Candidate:

Robert KOCHARIAN545,938


Karen DEMIRCHIAN431,967


Vazgen MANUKIAN172,449


Sergey BADALIAN155,023


Paruir HAYRIKIAN76,212


Other Candidates26,434

Election Results Modified: Aug 17, 2023

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Armenia

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSSIAN
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Robert KOCHARIAN
  • Assembly: Armenia has a unicameral National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) with 131 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov), 75 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 56 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

  • Robert KOCHARIAN
    • Party: Independent
    • Party: Civil Initiative (CI)

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Robert KOCHARIAN
    • Party: Independent
    • Party: Civil Initiative (CI)
  • Vazgen MANUKIAN
    • Party: National Democratic Union (NDU)
  • Sergey BADALIAN
    • Party: Communist Party (CPRA)
  • Paruir HAYRIKIAN
    • Party: N/A
  • Other Candidates
    • Party: N/A

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on September 22, 1996. Levon TER-PETROSIAN received 51.75% of the vote and thus defeated Vazgen MANUKIAN, his closest competitor with 41.29% of the vote.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 3,433,629 (July 1997 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 2,293,636 ( 1998 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population:1,652,676 (1998)

·         Is Armenia a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Armenia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (13 September 1993)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (1995)

·         Human Development Index Position: 85 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Armenia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Armenia ratified CRPD: Yes (22 September 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 515,044 (est.)


Election Modified: Aug 17, 2023

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