March 2, 2012 Held

Iran, Islamic Republic of

Islamic Republic of Iran

Election for مجلس شورای اسلامی / Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami (Iranian Islamic Consultative Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:32,469,937
Valid Votes:31,972,190
Invalid Votes:497,747

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

United Front of Conservatives (; E'telāf-e Ābādgarān-e Īrān-e Eslām) 182 - 19,087,397


Democratic Coaltion of Reformists (ائتلاف دموکراتیک اصلاح طلبان) 75 - 11,451,367


Religious Minorities 14 - 634,122

Election Results Modified: Feb 19, 2012

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 285 seats in the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Hoseini- KHAMENEI *
  • Head of Government: President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD
  • Assembly: Iran has a unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami) with 290 seats.

* The Leader of the Islamic Revolution is appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Leader of the Islamic Revolution is appointed.
  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami) 290 members are elected by qualified plurality vote to serve 4-year terms.***

*** 5 seats are reserved for religious minorities.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • ​Principalist Unity Front
    • Seats won in this election: 65
  • Persevering Front of the Islamic Revolution
    • Seats won in this election: 22
  • Joint PUF/PFIR candidates
    • Seats won in this election: 61
  • Democratic Front
    • Seats won in this election: 20
  • Independent(s): Independents
    • Seats won in this election: 105

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 76,156,975 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 48,288,799 (2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 37,745,753 (2012)

·         Is Iran a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Iran ratified CEDAW: No

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 9 (following the 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 69 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Iran a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Iran ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (23 Occtober 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 11,423,546 (est.)

Election Modified: May 10, 2024

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