April 10, 2011 Held


Republic of Peru

Election for Congreso de la República (Peruvian Congress of the Republic)


Cast Votes:19,402,275
Valid Votes:12,839,144
Invalid Votes:6,563,131


Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Peru Wins 47 - 3,245,003


Force 2011 37 - 2,948,781


Electoral Alliance Possible Peru 21 - 1,904,180


Alliance for the Great Change 122 - 1,851,080


National Solidarity Alliance 9 - 1,311,766


Peruvian Aprista Party 4 - 825,030


More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 120 seats in the Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica del Peru)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Alan GARCIA Pérez
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Rosario Del Pilar FERNANDEZ Figueroa
  • Assembly: Peru has a unicameral Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica del Peru) with 120 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica del Peru) 120 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Alliance: National Solidarity Alliance / Alianza Solidaridad Nacional (ASN)*
    • Leader: Luis CASTANEDA
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Peruvian Aprista Party / Partido Aprista Peruano (PAP)**
    • Leader: Alan GARCIA Perez
    • Seats won in last election: 36
  • Alliance: Alliance for the Great Change / Alianza por el Gran Cambio (AGC)***
    • Leader: Pedro Pablo KUCZYNSKI
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Alliance: Force 2011 / Fuerza 2011
    • Leader: Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Alliance: Electoral Alliance Possible Peru / Alianza Electoral Perú Posible*****
    • Leader: Alejandro TOLEDO
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Alliance: Peru Wins / Gana Perú******
    • Leader: Ollanta HUMALA
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

* Alliance consisting of the National Solidarity Party, Change 90, Union for Peru, and Always Together.
** The PAP is also known by its original name the American Revolutionary Peoples Alliance (Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana - APRA).
*** Alliance consisting of the Christian People's Party, Alliance for Progress, Humanist Party, and National Restoration.
***** Electoral coalition consisting of the Possible Peru, Popular Action, and We Are Peru parties.
****** Electoral alliance of the Peruvian Nationalist Party and the Socialist Party.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 29,759,891 (2011)
  • Registered Voters: 19,949,915 (2011)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 14,891,699 (2011)

·         Is Peru a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 July 1981)

·         Has Peru ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1982)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 28 (following the 2011 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 84 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Peru a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Peru ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 4,463,983 (est.)