Nov. 25, 2010 Held


Kingdom of Tonga

Election for Fale Alea (Tongan Legislative Assembly)


Voter Participation

Cast Votes:38,516
Valid Votes:38,450
Invalid Votes:66

Vote Share by Party:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands (Paati Temokalati 'a e 'Otu Motu 'Anga'ofa) 12 - 10,953


Independents 5 - 25,873


Sustainable Nation-Building Party (Paati Langafonua Tu'uloa) - - 519


Tonga Democratic Labour Party - - 168


People's Democratic Party - - 934

Election Results Modified: Oct 29, 2010

General Information

At stake in this election:

  • 17 seats in the Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King King George TUPOU V
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Feleti (Fred) SEVELE
  • Assembly: Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea) with 26 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
  • In the Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea), 9 members are elected by hereditary state rulers to serve 3-year terms and 17 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 3-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands / Paati Temokalati 'a e 'Otu Motu 'Anga'ofa
    • Leader: Samuela 'Akilisi POHIVA
  • Party: People's Democratic Party (PDP)
  • Independent(s): Independents
  • Party: Tonga Democratic Labour Party
  • Party: Sustainable Nation-Building Party / Paati Langafonua Tu'uloa
    • Leader: Sione FONUA

Election Notes:

  • This is the first election under the country's new electoral system. Previously, only nine members were elected under multi-member districts. This will mark the first time that a majority of MPs are democratically elected.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 103,947 (2010)
  • Registered Voters: 42,395 (November 2010 Approx.)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 51,892 (2010)

·         Is Tonga a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Tonga ratified CEDAW: No

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 1 (following the 2010 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 100 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Tonga a signatory to CRPD: Yes (15 November 2007)

·         Has Tonga ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 15,592 (est.)

Election Modified: Aug 02, 2023

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