At stake in this election:
- 124 seats in the National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Rafael CORREA *
- Head of Government: President Rafael CORREA
- Assembly: Ecuador has a unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) with 124 seats.
* The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term. Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority runoff system. In order to win in the first round, a candidate must garner at least 40% of the vote and have a 10 point advantage over the closest rival.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) 124 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: National Action Institutional Renewal Party / Partido Renovador Institucional Acción Nacional (PRIAN)
- Party: January 21 Patriotic Society Party / Partido Sociedad Patriótica 21 de Enero (PSP)
- Party: Movement for a Proud and Sovereign Fatherland
- Social Christian Party
- Municipalist Movement for National Integrity
- Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement - New Country
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 14,573,101 (July 2009 est.)
- Registered Voters: 10,523,234 (April 2009 )
· Female Population: 7,339,478 (2009)
· Is Ecuador a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Ecuador ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 November 1981)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 40 (following the 2009 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 88 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Ecuador a signatory to CRPD: Yes 30 March 2007
· Has Ecuador ratified CRPD: 3 April 2008
· Population with a disability: 2,185,965 (est.)