37,279,811 8

Population (as of Feb. 8, 2019)

Elections in our database


Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Canadian Senate Sénat Upper House
Canadian House of Commons Chambre des Communes Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Justin Pierre James TRUDEAU**
  • Assembly: Canada has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 105 seats and the House of Commons (Chambre des Communes) with 338 seats.

* The Queen is represented by Governor-General Julie PAYETTE. The position of Governor-General is appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term.

** After legislative elections, the Governor-General usually appoints the leader of the majority party or majority coalition to be Prime Minister.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen is hereditary head of government.
  • Prime Minister is designated by the governor-general to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 105 members are appointed by the governor-general*. In the House of Commons (Chambre des Communes) 338 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.**

* Members are appointed by the Governor General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. No terms are set, and Senators may serve in office until the age of 75.

**Constitutionally, there can be up to five years between federal elections. As well, the Canada Elections Act specifies that a general election must be held on the third Monday in October in the fourth calendar year following the previous general election. However, it also allows for an election to be called earlier.

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Canadian House of Commons 2000-01-27 12,993,855 21,239,435 61.18%
Canadian House of Commons 2004-06-28 13,683,570 22,466,621 60.91%
Canadian House of Commons 2006-01-23 14,908,703 23,054,615 64.67%
Canadian House of Commons 2008-10-14 13,929,093 23,677,639 58.83%
Canadian House of Commons 2011-05-02 14,823,408 24,257,592 61.11%
Canadian House of Commons 2015-10-19 17,559,353 25,638,379 68.49%
Canadian House of Commons 2019-10-21 17,890,264 27,126,166 65.95%
Canadian House of Commons 2021-09-20 - - -

Voter Turnout