Republic of Kazakhstan

18,592,970 11

Population (as of Feb. 8, 2019)

Elections in our database

11,919,241 79.53%

Registered Voters (as of Feb. 9, 2021)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Kazakh House of Representatives Mazhilis Lower House
Kazakh Senate Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Nursultan Abishevich NAZARBAYEV *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Asqar MAMIN
  • Assembly: Kazakhstan has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 47 seats and the House of Representatives (Mazhilis) with 107 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.*
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate, 15 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms and 32 members are indirectly elected by regional legislatures to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Mazhilis), 98 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 9 members are selected for minorities to serve 5-year terms.**

* A 2007 constitutional amendment shortened the presidential term from seven years to five years.

* In the Senate, 15 members are appointed by the president and 32 are indirectly elected by oblast-level government bodies, all to serve 6-year terms. Elections are staggered, with half of the members up for re-election every 3 years.

** The PR tier is one, nationwide district with a seven percent threshold. The remaining nine deputies are chosen by the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, an unelected body containing 364 members formed by the President of Kazakhstan to represent the more than 100 ethnic minorities in Kazakhstan.
Under the 2009 amendments to the Constitutional Law on Elections, if only one political party manages to clear the 7 percent threshold set for entrance into the Majilis, the runner-up party will also be allowed to have deputies in the chamber

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 1999-01-10 7,323,970 8,419,283 86.99%
Kazakh House of Representatives 1999-10-10 5,262,489 8,419,283 62.51%
President 2005-12-04 6,871,571 8,949,199 76.78%
Kazakh House of Representatives 2007-08-18 5,935,625 8,419,283 70.5%
President 2011-04-03 8,216,370 9,200,000 89.31%
Kazakh House of Representatives 2012-01-15 7,018,927 9,303,693 75.44%
Kazakh Senate 2014-10-01 3,236 3,279 98.69%
President 2015-04-26 9,242,936 9,547,864 96.81%
Kazakh House of Representatives 2016-03-20 7,566,150 9,818,852 77.06%
President 2019-06-09 9,274,110 11,960,364 77.54%
Kazakh House of Representatives 2021-01-10 7,539,280 11,919,241 63.25%

Voter Turnout