ElectionGudie

Sept. 12, 2012 Held

9,462,223
Voted
Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Election for Tweede Kamer (Dutch Second Chamber)

Results

74%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:9,462,223
Valid Votes:9,424,235
Invalid Votes:37,988

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 41 - 2,504,948

26.60%

Labour Party 38 - 2,340,750

24.80%

Party for Freedom 15 - 950,263

10.10%

Socialist Party 15 - 909,853

9.70%

Christian Democratic Appeal 13 - 801,620

8.50%

Democrats 66 12 - 757,091

8.00%

Christian Union 5 - 294,586

3.10%

GreenLeft 4 - 219,896

2.30%

Reformed Political Party 3 - 196,780

2.10%

Party for the Animals 2 - 182,162

1.90%

50PLUS 2 - 177,631

1.90%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 150 seats in the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen BEATRIX
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mark RUTTE **
  • Assembly: Netherlands has a bicameral States General (Staten Generaal) consisting of the First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) with 75 seats and the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer) with 150 seats.

** The leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen is hereditary head of state.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
  • In the First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) 75 members are indirectly elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer) 150 members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

* Voting is by members of the country's 12 Provincial Councils. The value of each vote is weighted according to the population of the respective province. This is in order to account for any malapportionment of seats to Provincial Councils. There is one national district and no formal threshold. Voters must cast preference votes. List order does not change unless a candidate has achieved 50 percent of one quota, which is defined as a list's vote share divided by its seat share.

** There is one national district and no formal threshold. Voters must cast preference votes. List order does not change unless a candidate has achieved 25 percent of one quota, which is defined as a list's vote share divided by its seat share.

Main parties in the electoral race:

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 16,730,632 (July 2011 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 12,689,810 (September 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 8,451,386 (2012)

·         Is Netherlands a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Netherlands ratified CEDAW: Yes (23 July 1991)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 58 (Second Chamber) following the 2012 elections; 27 (First Chamber) following the 2011 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 5 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Netherlands a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Netherlands ratified CRPD: Yes (14 June 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 2,509,594 (est.)