ElectionGudie
Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands

16,805,037 7

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

12,689,810 75.15%

Registered Voters (as of Sept. 1, 2012)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
First Chamber Eerste Kamer Upper House
Second Chamber Tweede Kamer Lower House
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
King King Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mark RUTTE
  • Assembly: Netherlands has a bicameral States General (Staten Generaal) consisting of the First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) with 75 seats and the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer) with 150 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.**
  • In the First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) 75 members are indirectly elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer) 150 members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

** The leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch.

* Voting is by members of the country's 12 Provincial Councils. The value of each vote is weighted according to the population of the respective province. This is in order to account for any malapportionment of seats to Provincial Councils. There is one national district and no formal threshold. Voters must cast preference votes. List order does not change unless a candidate has achieved 50 percent of one quota, which is defined as a list's vote share divided by its seat share.

** There is one national district and no formal threshold. Voters must cast preference votes. List order does not change unless a candidate has achieved 25 percent of one quota, which is defined as a list's vote share divided by its seat share.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Second Chamber 1998-05-06 8,622,222 11,755,132 73.35%
Second Chamber 2002-05-15 9,515,226 12,035,935 79.06%
Second Chamber 2003-01-22 9,666,602 12,076,711 80.04%
Referendum 2005-06-01 7,705,196 12,172,740 63.3%
Second Chamber 2006-11-22 9,854,998 12,264,503 80.35%
Second Chamber 2010-06-09 9,442,977 12,524,152 75.4%
Second Chamber 2012-09-12 9,462,223 12,689,810 74.57%

Voter Turnout