ElectionGudie

June 25, 2014 Held

630,000
Voted
flags/125px-Flag_of_Libya_svg.png

Libya

Election for Majlis Al Nuwab (Council of Representatives)

Results

Cast Votes:630,000
Valid Votes:None
Invalid Votes:None

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The 200 seats in the election of the Majlis Al Nuwab or Council of Representatives[i]

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: General National Congress President Nuri Abu SAHMAYN
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdullah al-THINNI[ii]
  • Assembly: Unicameral “General National Congress”

Description of electoral system

  • The Chief of State was elected by the General National Congress
  • The Prime Minister was elected by the General National Congress
  • In the General National Congress (Al Mutamar Al Watani Al Aam), 40 members were elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, 80 members were elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies, and 80 members were elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.[iii]
  • In the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al Nuwab), all members will be elected through a majoritarian system for single-member and multi-member sub-constituencies. There are 13 primary electoral constituencies, further divided into 75 sub-constituencies.  Of the 200 seats, 32 seats are reserved for women.[iv]

Election Note:

  • The 25 June 2014 election replaces the General National Congress (GNC) with the Council of Representatives.
  • Prime Minister al-THINNI stepped down after an attack on his family in early 2014. His replacement was to be Ahmed MAETIG, but al-THINNI refused to hand over power due to irregularities and wanted the Libyan Supreme Court to decide the matter.  The Court declared MAETIG’s election by Parliament to be unconstitutional.  Al-THINNI is to remain the caretaker Prime Minister until the 25 June 2014 election.

Political entities in Libya:[i]

  • Political entities will not submit lists in this election as opposed to GNC elections, where lists were elected under a proportional representation (PR) system.
  • Candidates in this election will run as individuals, as per Law 10/2014 on the Election of the Council of Representatives during the Transitional Period , which states: “The individual electoral system, based on the single non-transferable vote, shall be used for the election of the Council of Representatives.”

Last Election:

  • On 20 February 2014, Libyans elected a 55-member assembly to draft a new constitution.[ii] Results can be found here. Its work began on Sunday 20 April 2014. The new assembly had 120 days to draft a constitution, though most observers believe it will take longer.[iii] Once the draft constitution is finished, a referendum will be held to ratify it.
  • Prior to the constitution vote, the last election was for the unicameral General National Congress (GNC), which took place on took place on 7 July 2012. It consisted of 200 seats. For party-list seats, the Justice and Development Party (JDP)/ Ḥizb al-ʿAdālah wat-Tanmiyah attained won 17 seats, the February 17th Coalition of political parties and civil society groups won 39 seats, and the National Centrist Party won 2 seats.[iv] Results can be found here and here.

Population and Voter Registration:

  • Population: 6,244,174 (July 2014 est)[v]
  • Registered Voters: 1.5 million voters out of 3.4 eligible voters (May 30, 2014)[vi]
  • Registered OCV Voters: 10,087 voters in 13 countries.[vii]

[i] Political parties are taken from the 7 July 2012 General National Congress election.

[ii] There were supposed to be 60-members, but violence inhibited the ability to hold elections in certain parts of the country. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/21/us-libya-constitution-idUSBREA3K0NS20140421

[iii] http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/21/us-libya-constitution-idUSBREA3K0NS20140421

[iv] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1635/

[v] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ly.html

[vi] http://data.libyavotes.ly/ar/national

[vii] http://voteabroad.ly/stats


 


[i] The Council of Representatives will replace the General National Congress (GNC). http://allafrica.com/stories/201406131396.html

[ii] http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/06/libya-declares-pm-election-unconstitutional-20146981130265348.html

[iii] District magnitude for the proportional districts ranges from 3 to 11. Article 15 of the election law mandates that candidates should alternate genders on the lists and that half of all a party's list must have a female at the top. District magnitude for the SNTV (plurality vote in multi-member constituencies) seats ranges from 2 to 9. Fifty of the 69 majoritarian districts will be parallel, meaning they contain both a proportional tier and either a SNTV or SMD tier. Three geographic constituencies will feature only a proportional representation ballot being provided to voters. Political entity/party affiliation cannot be indicated on the ballot for the 120 ‘individual’ candidates that are running in the 69 majoritarian constituencies. This was the case for the 7 July 2012 General National Congress election.

[iv] District magnitude for multi-member constituencies ranges from 2-16. Article 18 of the election law stipulates that 16% of seats are reserved for women. All candidates are competing in a FTPT or SNTV system in 13 electoral districts that are further divided into 75 sub-constituencies. Candidates for reserved seats for women will compete in 27 of the 75 sub-constituencies.