French Republic

66,259,012 14

Population (as of May 20, 2015)

Elections in our database

43,234,000 73.19%

Registered Voters (as of May 1, 2012)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
National Assembly Assemblée Nationale Lower House
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
Senate Sénat Upper House
President President Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President François HOLLANDE
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Manuel VALLS
  • Assembly: France has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement Français) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 348 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 577 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 348 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 9-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) 577 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Electoral Colleges are 128 territorial constituencies (number of seats dependent on population) comprising the departments of metropolitan France, overseas departments and territories, territorial collectivities and French citizens residing abroad One third of the Senate is renewable every three years.

** A candidate is elected in the first round if he/she obtains an absolute majority of the total votes cast, provided this amount is equal to a quarter of the number of registered voters in the particular constituency. In order to be eligible for the second round, candidates must have obtained a number of votes equal to at least 12.5% of the total number of registered voters. However, if only one candidate fulfills this condition, the person who polls the second largest number of votes in the first ballot may also participate in the second at which, to be elected, a simple majority suffices

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2000-09-24 11,790,702 38,363,882 30.73%
President 2002-04-21 29,497,272 41,193,693 71.61%
President 2002-05-05 32,832,295 41,191,169 79.71%
National Assembly 2002-06-09 62,389,875 40,968,484 152.29%
National Assembly 2002-06-16 22,184,913 36,784,296 60.31%
Referendum 2005-05-29 28,988,300 41,789,202 69.37%
President 2007-04-22 37,254,242 44,472,834 83.77%
President 2007-05-06 37,342,004 44,472,733 83.97%
National Assembly 2007-06-10 26,521,824 43,896,043 60.42%
National Assembly 2007-06-17 21,129,008 35,224,953 59.98%
President 2012-04-22 36,584,399 46,028,542 79.48%
President 2012-05-06 37,016,404 46,066,499 80.35%
National Assembly 2012-06-10 26,373,299 46,083,260 57.23%
National Assembly 2012-06-17 23,957,594 43,234,000 55.41%

Voter Turnout