Islamic Republic of Pakistan

196,174,380 6

Population (as of May 29, 2015)

Elections in our database

706 42.55%

Registered Voters (as of July 1, 2013)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of State
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
National Assembly Lower House
Senate Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mamnoon HUSSAIN *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Nawaz SHARIF
  • Assembly: Pakistan has a bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora) consisting of the Senate with 104 seats and the National Assembly with 342 seats.

* The Electoral College consists of members of the Senate, National Assembly and the Provincial Assemblies. Candidates for President must be older than 45, and be Muslim.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
  • In the Senate 104 members are elected by indirect vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the National Assembly, 272 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms, 60 members are reserved for women to serve 5-year terms and 10 members are reserved for minorities to serve 5-year terms.**

* Senate members are indirectly elected by the provincial assemblies and the territories' representatives through a proportional representation single transferable vote. Members serve six-year terms with one half elected every three years.

** The 70 reserved seats are elected by proportional representation with a 5 percent threshold. Breakdown of National Assembly seats by Province: Punjab (148 seats); Sindh (61 seats), the North West Frontier Province (NWFP, 35 seats), Balochistan (14 seats), the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA, 12 seats), and the Federal Capital (2 seats).

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2002-04-30 43,907,950 - -
National Assembly 2002-10-10 29,572,712 70,755,379 41.8%
President 2007-10-06 685 70,755,379 -
National Assembly 2008-02-18 35,678,035 80,910,318 44.1%
National Assembly 2013-05-11 45,388,404 84,207,524 53.9%
President 2013-07-30 515 706 72.95%

Voter Turnout