Pakistan: National Assembly, 25 July 2018
At stake in this election:
- 342 seats in the National Assembly
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Mamnoon HUSSAIN
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Nasirul MULK (Caretaker)*
- Assembly: Pakistan has a bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora) consisting of the Senate with 104 seats and the National Assembly with 342 seats.
* In Pakistan, a caretaker Prime Minister is appointed to oversee the transition from one federal government to the next.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 5-year term.
- Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
- In the Senate, 104 members are elected by indirect vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the National Assembly, 272 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms, 60 members are reserved for women to serve 5-year terms and 10 members are reserved for minorities to serve 5-year terms.**
* Senate members are indirectly elected by the provincial assemblies and the territories' representatives through a proportional representation singe transferable vote. Members serve six-year terms with one half elected every three years.
** The 70 reserved seats are elected by proportional representation with a 5 percent threshold. Breakdown of National Assembly seats by Province: Punjab (148 seats); Sindh (61 seats), the North West Frontier Province (NWFP, 35 seats), Balochistan (14 seats), the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA, 12 seats), and the Federal Capital (2 seats).
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: Pakistan People’s Party (PPP)
- Leader: Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 39
- Party: Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML-N)
- Leader: Mian Mohammad Nawaz SHARIF
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 167
- Party: Movement for Justice / Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI)
- Leader: Imran KHAN
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 35
- Party: Pakistan Muslim League-Qaid (PML-Q)
- Leader: Shujaat HUSSAIN
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 3
- Party: Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM)
- Leader: Altaf HUSSAIN
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 23
- Party: Awami National Party (ANP)
- Leader: Asfandyar Wali KHAN
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
- Coalition: Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA)*
- Leader: Maulana Fazlur REHMAN
- Seats won in last National Assembly election: 14
* Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal is a far-right religious coalition comprised of five parties: Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam – Fazl (JUI-F), Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP), Jamiat Ahle Hadith (JAH), and Islami Tehrik-e-Pakistan (PIT).
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
- Registered Voters: 105,955,409 (2018)
· Female Population: 88,100,487 (2013)
· Is Pakistan a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Pakistan ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (12 March 1996)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 70 (National Assembly) following the 2013 elections; 7 (Senate) following the 2012 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 147 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)
· Is Pakistan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2008)
· Has Pakistan ratified CRPD: Yes (5 July 2011)
· Population with a disability: 27,178,896 (est.)