ElectionGudie

July 29, 2001 Held

57,138,887
Voted
Japan

Japan

Election for Sangiin (Japanese House of Councillors)

Results

54%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:57,138,887
Valid Votes:54,338,484
Invalid Votes:2,800,403

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

New Conservative Party 1 None

Liberal Democratic Party 64 - 22,299,825

41.00%

Democratic Party of Japan 26 - 10,066,553

18.50%

Independents 3 - 5,658,912

10.40%

Japan Communist Party 5 - 5,362,958

9.90%

New Komeito Party 13 - 3,468,664

6.40%

Liberal Party 6 - 3,011,787

5.50%

Others - - 2,595,486

4.80%

Social Democratic Party of Japan 3 - 1,874,299

3.40%

More Info:

Note: The seat totals listed above are those won in the 2001 elections. The vote counts and percentages listed represent that Prefectural Disctrict vote. 

At stake in this election:

  • 121 seats in the House of Councillors (Sangi-in)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Emperor AKIHITO
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro KOIZUMI
  • Assembly: Japan has a bicameral Diet (Kokkai) consisting of the House of Councillors (Sangi-in) with 242 seats and the House of Representatives (Shugi-in) with 480 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Emperor is a hereditary monarch.
  • In the House of Councillors (Sangi-in), 98 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 6-year terms and 144 members are elected in multi-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Shugi-in), 300 members are elected in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 180 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 4-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Social Democratic Party of Japan (SDJP)
    • Leader: Takako DOI
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 3
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 5
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 8
  • Party: Japan Communist Party (JCP) / Nihon Kyosanto
    • Leader: Kazuo SHII
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 5
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 15
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 20
  • Party: Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) / Minshuto
    • Leader: Yukio HATOYAMA
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 26
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 27
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 59
  • Party: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
    • Leader: Junichiro KOIZUMI
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 64
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 44
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 111
  • Party: New Komeito Party / Hoshu Shinto
    • Leader: Takenori KANZAKI
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 13
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 13
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 23
  • Party: Liberal Party (LP)
    • Leader: Ichiro OZAWA
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 6
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 6
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 8
  • Party: Others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 4
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: N/A
    • Total seats in House of Councillors after election: 10

Last Parliamentary election:

  • -Last Election to the House of Representatives: July 12, 1998
    -Seats decided in the last election: 126

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 127,149,000 (2001)
  • Registered Voters: 101,236,029 ( 2001 est.)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 64,988,147 (2001)

·         Is Japan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Japan ratified CEDAW: Yes (25 June 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes 

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 35 (House of Representatives); 38 (House of Councillors)

·         Human Development Index Position: 20 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Japan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (28 September 2007)

·         Has Japan ratified CRPD: Yes (20 January 2014)

·         Population with a disability: 19,072,350 (est.)