ElectionGudie

March 21, 2004 Held

7,209,948
Voted
Malaysia

Malaysia

Election for Dewan Rakyat (Malaysian House of Representatives)

Results

74%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:7,209,948
Valid Votes:7,209,948
Invalid Votes:None

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

United Malays National Organization 109 - 2,483,249

35.90%

Malaysian Chinese Association 31 - 1,074,230

15.50%

Islamic Party of Malaysia 7 - 1,051,480

15.20%

Democratic Action Party 12 - 687,340

9.90%

People's Justice Party 1 - 617,518

8.90%

Other National Front Parties 39 - 383,664

5.50%

Malaysian People's Movement Party 10 - 257,763

3.70%

Malaysian Indian Congress 9 - 221,546

3.20%

Others 1 - 139,438

2.10%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 219 seats in the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Paramount Ruler Tuanku SYED SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi
  • Assembly: Malaysia has a bicameral Parliament (Parlimen) consisting of the Senate (Dewan Negara) with 69 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) with 219 seats.

* The paramount ruler is elected from nine of the sultans ruling the penisular Malaysian islands to serve a five-year term.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Paramount Ruler is elected N/A to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is designated by parliament.
  • In the Senate (Dewan Negara), 43 members are appointed by the paramount ruler to serve 3-year terms and 26 members are appointed by the state legislatures to serve 5-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) 219 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: National Front / Barisan Nasional (BN)*
    • Leader: ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 199
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 148
  • Bloc: Alternative Front / Barisan Alternatif (BA)**
    • Leader: Abdul HADI Awang (PAS), WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail (Keadilan), SYED Husin Ali (PRM)
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 7
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 27
  • Party: Democratic Action Party (DAP)***
    • Leader: LIM Kit Siang
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 12
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 10
  • Party: National Justice Party / Keadilan
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 1
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
  • Party: Others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A

* The National Front consists of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Organization (MCA), Sarawak Indigenous People

Population:

  • Population: 25,332,026 (2004)
  • Registered Voters: 9,756,097 (2004)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 12,360,489 (2004)

·         Is Malaysia a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Malaysia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (5 July 1995)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 20 (House of Representatives) (following the 2004 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 62 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Malaysia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (8 April 2008)

·         Has Malaysia ratified CRPD: Yes (19 July 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 3,799,803 (est.)