April 28, 2019 Snap


Kingdom of Spain

Election for Congreso de los Diputados (Spanish Congress of Deputies)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 350 seats in the Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King FELIPE VI (since 19 June 2014)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro SÁNCHEZ Pérez-Castejón
  • Assembly: Spain has a bicameral Las Cortes Generales (General Courts) composed of the Senado (Senate) and Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies). There are 266 seats in the Senate and 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies.  

Description of electoral system:

  • In the Congress of Deputies, 348 members are directly elected in 50 multi-member constituencies by proportional representation vote and two are directly elected from the North African Ceuta and Melilla enclaves by simple majority vote. Initially, each of the 50 multi-member constituencies is allocated two seats and Ceuta and Melilla one. The remaining 248 seats are allocated to the districts by population. Parties must reach a 3% threshold to qualify for seat allocation. Members of the Congress of Deputies serve 4-year terms.

Main parties in the election:*

* More information on the coalitions in this election is available on the Central Electoral Commission’s website. This list of parties and coalitions is based on recent polling data and is not exhaustive. Some of the parties and coalitions listed are members of multiple coalitions.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 46,722,980
  • Registered Voters: 36,893,976

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 23,656,549 (2019 est.)
  • Is Spain a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Spain ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 January 1984)
  • Gender Quota: Yes
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 137 (39.1%) of 350 in Congress; 101 (38%) of 266 in the Senate
  • Human Development Index Position: 26 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Spain a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Spain ratified CRPD: Yes (3 December 2007)
  • Population with a disability: 7,221,920 (est.)