ElectionGudie

May 23, 2019 Confirmed

European Union

European Union

Election for European Parliament

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:

  • 751 seats in the European Parliament.

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: European Commission President Jean-Claude JUNCKER
  • Head of Government: President of the European Council Donald TUSK
  • Assembly: The European Union has a unicameral European Parliament with 751 seats. The Council of the European Union also serves as a legislative branch of the EU.

Electoral System:

  • Members of the Council of the European Union are elected indirectly by member countries. In the Council, all measures must pass a qualified majority of 255 votes; 28 member-state ministers have 352 votes, the number of votes being roughly proportional to member-states' populations.
  • In the European Parliament, 751 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 5-year terms. Member states are allotted seats and may choose their own electoral systems, so long as they are based on proportional representation or single transferable vote. Electoral systems, dates, and seats are listed by below. (source for table)

Country

Election Date

Electoral System

Electoral Threshold

Seats

Austria

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

4%

18

Belgium

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

21

Bulgaria

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

17

Croatia

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

11

Cyprus

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

1.8%

6

Czech Republic

May 24-25, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

21

Denmark

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

13

Estonia

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

6

Finland

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

13

France

May 26, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

5%

74

Germany

May 26, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

None

96

Greece

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

3%

21

Hungary

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

21

Ireland

May 24, 2019

Single transferable vote

None

11

Italy

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

4%

73

Latvia

May 25, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

8

Lithuania

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

11

Luxembourg

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

6

Malta

May 25, 2019

Single transferable vote

None

6

Netherlands

May 23, 2019

Open-list proportional representation                                   

None

26

Poland

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

5%

51

Portugal

May 26, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

None

21

Romania

May 26, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

5%

32

Slovakia

May 25, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

5%

13

Slovenia

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

None

8

Spain

May 26, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation

None

54

Sweden

May 26, 2019

Open-list proportional representation

4%

20

United Kingdom

May 23, 2019

Closed-list proportional representation*

 

*Elections in England, Scotland and Wales will be contested using closed-list proportional representation, while elections in Northern Ireland will be contested using single transferable vote.

None

73

 

Main parties in this Election:

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 512,379,225 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 385,000,000 (2014)