ElectionGudie

May 9, 2017 Held

South Korea

Republic of Korea

Election for President

More Info:

Republic of Korea: President; 9 May 2017

At stake in this election:

  • The office of the President of South Korea

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State:  acting President HWANG Kyo-ahn[1] (since 9 December 2016)
  • Head of Government:  Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn (since 18 June 2015)
  • Assembly:  South Korea has a unicameral National Assembly of 300 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The president is directly elected by majority popular vote in a single-round system. The president is elected to a single 5-year term.
  • The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the National Assembly.

Last Election:

  • President PARK Geun-Hye of the Saenuri Party was elected with 51.6% of the vote in the 2012 election, narrowly defeating MOON Jae-In of the Democratic Party (48% of the vote).
  • President PARK was impeached by the National Assembly on 9 December 2016. The vote was upheld by the Constitutional Court on 10 March 2017.  Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn has been serving as acting president since December 2016. A full explanation of the process is available HERE.

Main candidates in the election:

  • MOON Jae-In
    • Democratic Party of Korea / Deobureo Minjudang; 더불어민주당
  • AHN Cheol-soo
    • People's Party / Gungminui Dang;  국민의당
  • HONG Joon-pyo
    • Liberty Korea Party / Jayuhangukdang; 자유한국당
  • YOO Seong-Min
    • Bareun Party / Bareun Jeongdang; 바른정당
  • SIM Sang-jung
    • Justice Party / Jeonguidang; 정의당

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population:  50,924,172 (July 2016)
  • Registered Voters:  42,100,398 (April 2016)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population:  25,425,132 (July 2016)
  • Is Korea a signatory to CEDAW:  Yes (25 May 1983)
  • Has Korea ratified CEDAW:  Yes (27 December 1984)
  • Gender Quota:  Yes
  • Female candidates in this election:  Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians:  51
  • Human Development Index Position:  17
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization:  N/A

Disability Data:

  • Is Korea a signatory to CRPD:  Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Korea ratified CRPD:  Yes (11 December 2008)
  • Population with a disability:  7,367,279[2]

[1] HWANG Kyo-ahn is the acting president. President PARK Geun-hye was impeached on 9 December 2016 by the National Assembly.

[2] Calculated using the WHO estimate of 15%