Republic of Korea: President, 9 May 2017
At stake in this election:
- The office of the President of South Korea
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: acting President HWANG Kyo-ahn (since 9 December 2016)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn (since 18 June 2015)
- Assembly: South Korea has a unicameral National Assembly of 300 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The president is directly elected by majority popular vote in a single-round system. The president is elected to a single 5-year term.
- The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the National Assembly.
- President PARK Geun-Hye of the Saenuri Party was elected with 51.6% of the vote in the 2012 election, narrowly defeating MOON Jae-In of the Democratic Party (48% of the vote).
- President PARK was impeached by the National Assembly on 9 December 2016. The vote was upheld by the Constitutional Court on 10 March 2017. Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn has been serving as acting president since December 2016. A full explanation of the process is available HERE.
Main candidates in the election:
- MOON Jae-In
- Democratic Party of Korea / Deobureo Minjudang; 더불어민주당
- AHN Cheol-soo
- People's Party / Gungminui Dang; 국민의당
- HONG Joon-pyo
- Liberty Korea Party / Jayuhangukdang; 자유한국당
- YOO Seong-Min
- Bareun Party / Bareun Jeongdang; 바른정당
- SIM Sang-jung
- Justice Party / Jeonguidang; 정의당
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 50,924,172 (July 2016)
- Registered Voters: 42,100,398 (April 2016)
- Female Population: 25,425,132 (July 2016)
- Is Korea a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (25 May 1983)
- Has Korea ratified CEDAW: Yes (27 December 1984)
- Gender Quota: Yes
- Female candidates in this election: Yes
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 51
- Human Development Index Position: 17
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
- Is Korea a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
- Has Korea ratified CRPD: Yes (11 December 2008)
- Population with a disability: 7,367,279