Republic of Uzbekistan: President, 4 December 2016
At stake in this election:
- The office of the President of Uzbekistan
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: Interim President Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (since 8 September 2016)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (since 11 December 2003)
- Assembly: Uzbekistan has a bicameral Oliy Majlis (Supreme Assembly) consisting of the Senate with 100 seats and the Qonunchilik Palatasi (Legislative Chamber) with 150 seats.
Description of electoral system
- The president is directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term.
- The last presidential election was held on 29 March 2015. Islam KARIMOV was reelected by 90.39% of the vote. Elections were not due until 2020, but due to the death of President KARIMOV in September 2016, an early election was called to fill the seat.
Main candidates in the election:
- Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV
- Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan/Oʻzbekiston Liberal Demokratik Partiyasi
- Sarvar OTAMURADOV
- National Revival Democratic Party/O'zbekiston Milliy Tiklanish Demokratik Partiyasi
- Narimon UMAROV
- Justice Social Democratic Party/Adolat Sotsial Demokratik Partiyasi
- Hotamzhon KETMONOV
- People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan/O'zbekistan Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 29,473,614 (July 2016)
· Registered Voters: 20,798,520 (2015)
· Female Population: 14,808,100 (July 2016 est.)
· Is Uzbekistan a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Uzbekistan ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (19 July 1995)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 24 (Legislative Chamber); 17 (Senate)
· Human Development Index Position: 114 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)
· Is Uzbekistan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (27 February 2009)
· Has Uzbekistan ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 4,421,492 (est.)
 President Islam KARIMOV unexpectedly died on 2 September 2016. Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV was named interim president until elections are held.
 Presidential terms were originally 5 years, were extended to 7 years in 2002 by a constitutional amendment, and then reverted to 5 years in 2011.
 The gender quota requires that at least 30% of all candidates be women.