Central African Republic: Presidential Election, 14 February 2016
At stake in this election:
- The office of the President of the Central African Republic
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: Interim President Catherine SAMBA-PANZA (since 23 January 2014)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Mahamat KAMOUN (since 10 August 2014)
- Assembly: Central African Republic has a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 105 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
- The first round of voting was held on 30 December 2015 with 30 candidates competing. No candidate won an absolute majority in the first round, necessitating a second round of voting between the two candidates with the highest number of votes in the first round (Anicet-Georges DOLOGUÉLÉ with 23.74% of the vote, and Faustin-Archange TOUADÉRA with 19.05% of the vote). The second round of voting was originally scheduled for 31 January 2016, but were postponed until 14 February 2016 due to logistical challenges.
Main candidates in the election:
- Anicet-Georges DOLOGUÉLÉ
- Faustin-Archange TOUADÉRA
- Party: Union for Central African Renewal / Union pour le Renouveau Centrafricain (URCA)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 5,391,539 (July 2015 est.)
- Registered Voters: 1,954,433 (December 2015)
- Female Population: 2,695,770 (2015 est.)
- Is Central African Republic a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Central African Republic ratified CEDAW: No
- Gender Quota: No
- Female candidates in this election: No
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 13 (12.38%) of 105
- Human Development Index Position: 185
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High
- Is Central African Republic a signatory to CRPD: Yes (9 May 2007)
- Has Central African Republic ratified CRPD: No
- Population with a disability: 808,731 (2015 est.)
 Interim President SAMBA-PANZA replaced Interim President Michel DJOTODIA following his resignation, which was prompted by his failure to prevent intensifying sectarian violence between Muslims and Christians. Prime Minister KAMOUN is the leader of the transitional government. For a more complete overview of the political situation in the Central African Republic, please see this timeline.
 Central African Republic acceded to CEDAW on 21 June 1991.