At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Brazil
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011)*
- Head of Government: President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011)[i]
- Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 8-year terms.** In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***
** There are 27 multi-member (3 seats) constituencies corresponding to the country's 26 states and the Federal District. One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period. When two-thirds of the seats are to be renewed, each elector votes for two candidates. When one-third is to be renewed, each elector votes for one candidate.
*** There are 27 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 8 to 70 seats, based on population.
On Sunday 26 October 2014, Brazil will hold a run-off (2nd round) election for president. In the first round, held on 5 October 2014, President Dilma ROUSSEFF won 41.5 percent of the vote, Aceio NEVES received 33.7 percent, and Marina SILVA received 21.3 percent. No candidate reached the 50 percent threshold, thus Ms. ROUSSEFF and Mr. NEVES will advance to the second round, as they attained the biggest percentage. Ms. SILVA had been ahead in the polls since August 2014, when presidential candidate, Eduardo CAMPOS of the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), died in a plane crash.[ii]
Main candidates in the electoral race:
- Candidate: Dilma Vana ROUSSEFF
- Candidate: Aecio NEVES
- The second round for the last election for president was 31 October 2010.[iii] Dilma ROUSSEFF of the Workers’ Party (PT) won 55,745,867 votes, defeating Jose SERRA of the Brazilian Social Demoracy Party (PSDB) who attained only 43,711,162 votes.[iv] Turnout was 73 percent with 106,563,671 of 135,753,295 people casting ballots.[v] Results for the second round can be found here and for the first round, held on 3 October 2010, here.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 102,664,070 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (since 1981)[ii]
- Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)[iii]
- Gender Quota: None for President. Yes: “Legislative Candidates Quotas” for both the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: 2
- Number of Female Legislators: 1 currently serves as president; 44 (9%) of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (2010); 13 (16%) of 81 seats in the Federal Senate[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 79[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 8th out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]