At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Brazil
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA *
- Head of Government: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
- Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 8-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**
* There are 27 multi-member (3 seats) constituencies corresponding to the country's 26 states and the Federal District. One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period. When two-thirds of the seats are to be renewed, each elector votes for two candidates. When one-third is to be renewed, each elector votes for one candidate.
** There are 27 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 8 to 70 seats, based on population.
Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:
- Dilma Vana ROUSSEFF
- José SERRA
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 201,103,330 (July 2010 )
- Registered Voters: 135,804,433 (October 2010 )
· Female Population: 100,784,657 (2010)
· Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 March 1981)
· Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 44 (Chamber of Deputies); 8 (Federal Senate) (following 2010 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 75 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Brazil a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Brazil ratified CRPD: Yes (1 August 2008)
· Population with a disability: 30,165,499 (est.)