ElectionGudie

June 21, 2014 Held

749,865
Voted
Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Election for President (President)

Results

53%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:749,865
Valid Votes:705,788
Invalid Votes:44,077

Candidates:

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz577,995

81.89

Biram Dah Abeid61,218

8.67

Boïdiel Ould Houmeit31,773

4.50

Ibrahima Moctar Sarr31,368

4.44

Laila Maryam Mint Moulaye Idriss3,434

0

More Info:

At stake in this election (June 21, 2014):

  • The office of the President of Mauritania

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed LAGHDAF
  • Assembly: Mauritania has a bicameral Parliament (Barlamane) consisting of the Senate (Majlis al-Shuyukh) with 56 seats and the National Assembly (Al Jamiya Al Wataniya) with 146 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve for a 5-year term.[i] The President must be elected through absolute majority. If this majority is not obtained by one candidate in the first round, a second round is held within the next 15 days where 2 candidates (those having obtained the most votes in the first round) will run against one another.

Election Note:

  • Most of the opposition parties have decided to boycott the presidential election, with Cheikh Sidi Ahmed Ould Babmine, head of the opposition National Forum for Democracy and Unity (FNDU), calling it a “masquerade.”[ii] The opposition also boycotted the parliamentary and local elections held last year.[iii] Many citizens also see the presidential election as pre-determined.[iv]

Main candidates in the presidential election:

Last election:

  • The last presidential election was held on 18 July 2009. There were ten presidential candidates and Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ won the election with 52.6% of the vote. Results can be found here. Legislative and municipal elections were held in November/December 2013, which also saw an opposition boycott.
  • AZIZ was part of a coup that occurred on 6 August 2008 that deposed President Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDALLAHI.

Population and Voter Registration:

  • Population: 3,516,806 (July 2014 est.)[vii]
  • Registered Voters: 1,189,105 nationwide (November 2013)

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 3,969,625 (2014)
  • Registered Voters: 1,328,168 (2014)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 1,972,518 (2014)

·         Is Mauritania a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Mauritania ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (10 May 2001)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 17 Assembly (following the 2006 elections); 10 Senate (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 156 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Mauritania a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Mauritania ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (3 April 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 595,443 (est.)


[i] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html

[ii] http://www.irinnews.org/report/100204/pledges-and-boycott-in-mauritania-polls

[iii] http://allafrica.com/stories/201406120847.html

[iv] http://northafricapost.com/5642-mauritania-presidential-candidates-doubt-elections-credibility.html

[v] http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90855/6717067.html

[vi] Biram Ould Dah Ould ABEID is an anti-slavery activist who  announced his intentions of running as an independent candidate in January 2014, http://www.unpo.org/article/17138

[vii] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html