ElectionGudie

July 29, 2018 Confirmed

Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia

Election for Radhsphea Ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea (Cambodian National Assembly)

More Info:

Cambodia: National Assembly, 29 July 2018

At stake in this election:

  • 123 seats in the National Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King Norodom SIHAMONI
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister HUN Sen
  • Assembly: Cambodia has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 61 seats and the National Assembly with 123 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary.
  • In the Senate, 57 members are elected by members of the National Assembly and local Commune councilors to serve 6-year terms, 2 members are elected by the National Assembly to serve 6-year terms and 2 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 6-year terms. In the National Assembly 123 members are elected by universal adult suffrage to serve 5-year terms.*

* A law passed in 2017 banned political parties from associating with anyone convicted of a criminal offense, which prevents former Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP) leader SAM Rainsy from campaigning from abroad this election. Former CNRP leader KEM Sokha is currently in jail on several charges, including treason and defamation.

Main parties in the electoral race:*

  • Party: Cambodian People's Party (CPP)
    • Leader: HUN Sen and CHEA Sim
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 68
  • Party: Khmer Will Party
    • Leader: KONG Monika
    • Seats won in Last National Assembly election: N/A
  • Party: FUNCINPEC**
    • Leader: NORODOM Arun Reaksmey
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Cambodian Nationality Party
    • Leader: SENG Sokheng
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Khmer Anti-Poverty Party
    • Leader: KRAVANH Daran
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Beehive Social Democratic Party
    • Leader: MAM Sonando
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: N/A
  • Party: League for Democracy Party
    • Leader: KHEM Veasna
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0

* The Supreme Court ruled in November 2017 to dissolve the leading opposition party, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), which won 55 of the 123 seats in the Assembly in 2013.
** Allied with CPP

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 15,205,539 (July 2013 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 9,675,453 (May 2013 est.)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population:7,726,287 (2013)
  • Is Cambodia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 October 1980)
  • Has Cambodia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (15 October 1992)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 25 (National Assembly) (following elections in 2013)
  • Development Index Position: 143
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low

Disability Data:

  • Cambodia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)
  • Cambodia ratified CRPD: Yes (20 December 2012)
  • Population with a disability: 2,280,830 (est.)