ElectionGudie

Nov. 29, 1999 Held

6,655,348
Voted
Malaysia

Malaysia

Election for Dewan Rakyat (Malaysian House of Representatives)

Results

67%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:6,655,348
Valid Votes:6,508,877
Invalid Votes:146,471

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Barisan Nasional - - -

Bersatu Sabah - - -

Pan Malaysian Islamic Party - - -

National Justice Party - - -

Democratic Action Party - - -

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 193 seats in the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Paramount Ruler JA'AFAR ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Dr. MAHATHIR bin Mohamad
  • Assembly: Malaysia has a bicameral Parliament (Parlimen) consisting of the Senate (Dewan Negara) with 69 seats and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) with 193 seats.

* The Paramount Ruler is elected by and from nine of the sultans ruling the penisular Malaysian islands.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Paramount Ruler is indirectly elected by hereditary state rulers to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is designated by the monarch.
  • In the Senate (Dewan Negara), 43 members are appointed by the state legislatures to serve 3-year terms and 26 members are appointed by the state legislatures to serve 3-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) 193 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Bloc: Barisan Nasional (BN)
    • Leader: Prime Minister Datuk Seri Dr. MAHATHIR bin Mohamad
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 148
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 162
  • Party: National Justice Party
    • Leader: Datin Seri Dr. Wan Azizah binti Wan Ismail
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 5
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
  • Party: Democratic Action Party
    • Leader: LIM Kit Siang
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 10
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 9
  • Party: Pan Malaysian Islamic Party
    • Leader: Ustaz Seri Dato Fadzil Mohamed NOOR
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 27
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 7
  • Party: Bersatu Sabah (PBS)
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 3
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 8

Population:

  • Population: 22,898,579 (1999)
  • Registered Voters: 9,694,196 (1999)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 11,248,818 (1999)

·         Is Malaysia a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Malaysia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (5 July 1995)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 14 (House of Representatives) (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 62 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Malaysia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (8 April 2008)

·         Has Malaysia ratified CRPD: Yes (19 July 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 3,434,786 (est.)