* Bosnia has a three-member (one Bosnian, one Croatian, and one Serbian) rotating presidency that changes every 8 months.
At stake in this election:
- The office of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: Chairman of the Presidency Bakir IZETBEGOVIC (since 10 March 2014; Bosnian)*
- Head of Government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Vjekoslav BEVANDA (since 12 January 2012)
- Assembly: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral Parliamentary Assembly (Skupstina) consisting of the House of Peoples (Dom Naroda) with 15 seats and the National House of Representatives (Predstavnicki Dom) with 42 seats.
* Bosnia has a three-member (one Bosnian, one Croatian, and one Serbian) rotating presidency that changes every 8 months. The other members are: Zeljko KOMSIC (since 6 November 2010; Croatian) and Nebojsa RADMANOVIC (since 6 November 2006; Serbian). Each member is separately elected by plurality vote. This is done via separate lists, with each voter in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina choosing either a Bosnian or Croatian candidate and those in the Republika Srpska electing a Serbian candidate.
Description of electoral system:
- The Chairman of the Presidency is elected by plurality vote to serve a 4-year term. All members of the presidency serve 4 year terms.
- Chairman of the Council of Ministers is appointed by the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the approval of the parliament.
- In the In the House of Peoples (Dom Naroda) 15 members are indirectly elected by parliament to serve 4-year terms.*
- In the National House of Representatives (Predstavnicki Dom) 42 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**
* The seats are made up of 5 Bosnians, 5 Croats, and 5 Serbs. Members are elected by the Bosniak/Croat Federation s House of Representatives and the Republika Srpska s National Assembly.
** 28 seats are allocated from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and 14 seats from the Republika Srpska (RS). In the FBiH, 21 of the 28 deputies are elected in five multi-member constituencies. The remaining seven are elected from political party compensatory lists. In the RS, 9 of the 14 deputies are elected in three multi-member constituencies, with the remaining five elected from political party compensatory lists. There is a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Bosnia and Herzegovina utilizes a "zipper" style gender quota, which means that members of the "minority gender" must be equally spaced out in the party list. Parties must allocate approximately one-third of their seats to the "minority gender." Pure Seats are allocated using the pure Sainte-Lague method.
- The last election for the office of the presidency was held in 2010. Željko Komšić was elected for the Croats (60.6%), Nebojša Radmanović was elected for the Serbs (48.9%), and Bakir Izetbegović was elected for the Bosniaks (34.9%).
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 1,984,932 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Bosnia and Herzegovina a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (the former Yugoslavia signed the treaty in July 1980)[ii]
- Has Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 September 1993)[iii]
- Gender Quota: Yes: “Legislated Candidates Quotas” for the House of Representatives[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: N/A
- Number of Female Legislators: 7 (17%) of 42 seats in the House of Representatives[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 86[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 24th out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]