ElectionGudie
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

3,875,723 9

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

42 62.90%

Registered Voters (as of Dec. 17, 2014)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
House of Representatives Predstavnicki Dom Lower House
Chairman of the Presidency Chairman of the Presidency Head of State
House of Peoples Dom Naroda Upper House
Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine Head of State
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Chairman of the Council of Ministers Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Chairman of the Presidency Željko KOMŠIĆ
  • Head of Government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Vjekoslav BEVANDA
  • Assembly: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral Parliamentary Assembly (Skupstina) consisting of the House of Peoples (Dom Naroda) with 15 seats and the House of Representatives (Predstavnicki Dom) with 42 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Chairman of the Presidency is elected by plurality vote to serve a 4-year term.*
  • The Chairman of the Council of Ministers is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the House of Peoples (Dom Naroda) 15 members are indirectly elected by parliament to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Predstavnicki Dom) 42 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

* The presidency is a collective head of state which is constituted of three members of each constituent people: one Bosniak, one Croat and one Serb. Each member is separately elected by plurality vote. This is done via separate lists, with each voter in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina choosing either a Bosniak or Croat candidate and those in the Republika Srpska electing a Serb candidate. The three members rotate every eight months. Željko KOMŠIĆ (Croat) assumed the Chairman of the Presidency in July 2013. The other members of the Presidency are Bakir IZEBEGOVIĆ (Bosniak) and Nebojša RADMANOVIĆ (Bosnian Serb).

* The seats are made up of 5 Bosniaks, 5 Croats, and 5 Serbs. Members are elected by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovnia's House of Representatives and the Republika Srpska's National Assembly.

** 28 seats are allocated from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and 14 seats from the Republika Srpska (RS). In the FBiH, 21 of the 28 deputies are elected in five multi-member constituencies. The remaining seven are elected from political party compensatory lists. In the RS, 9 of the 14 deputies are elected in three multi-member constituencies, with the remaining five elected from political party compensatory lists. There is a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Bosnia and Herzegovina utilizes a "zipper" style gender quota, which means that members of the "minority gender" must be equally spaced out in the party list. Parties must allocate approximately one-third of their seats to the "minority gender." Seats are allocated using the pure Sainte-Lague method.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
House of Representatives 2000-11-11 - 2,523,485 -
Chairman of the Presidency 2002-10-05 1,298,827 2,342,141 55.45%
House of Representatives 2006-10-01 - 2,736,886 -
Chairman of the Presidency 2006-10-01 - 2,736,886 -
House of Representatives 2010-10-03 1,769,247 3,129,599 56.53%
Chairman of the Presidency 2010-10-03 1,768,573 3,129,599 56.51%
Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2014-10-12 1,788,193 3,278,908 54.54%
House of Representatives 2014-10-12 1,782,181 3,278,908 54.35%
House of Peoples 2014-10-12 42 42 100.0%

Voter Turnout