At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Mozambique
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Armanda Emilion GUEBUZA (since 2 February 2005)[i]
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Alberto Clementino Antonio VAQUINA (since 8 October 2012)
- Assembly: Mozambique has a unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) with 250 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term.*
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
- In the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República), 248 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are elected in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**
* The electoral system is two-round.
** 248 seats are apportioned among 11 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the provinces in proportion to their populations. Two single-seat constituencies represent Mozambicans living abroad in Africa and "other countries," respectively. According to the electoral law (2007) these seats are "both based in Maputo."
On Wednesday 15 October 2014, Mozambique will hold elections for President.[ii]
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Candidate: Filipe NYUSSI
- Candidate: Afonso DHLAKAMA[iii]
- Candidate: Daviz SIMANGO
- The last election for President of Mozambique was held on 28 October 2009.[iv] Turnout was 44.63 percent and 4,406,093 of 9,871,949 people casted ballots.[v] Armando GUEBUZA of the Front for the Liberalization of Mozambique (FRELIMO) won with 2,974,627 votes, beating Afonso DHLAKAMA of the Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) party, who won 650,679 votes.[vi] The Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM) party candidate, Daviz SIMANGO, won 340,579 votes.[vii] Results can be found here.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 12,648,634 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Mozambique a signatory to CEDAW: No[ii]
- Has Mozambique ratified CEDAW: Yes (21 April 1997)[iii]
- Gender Quota: No. However, the political party FRELIMO has a voluntary quota that requires 40% of candidates be women.[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: 0.
- Number of Female Legislators: 98 (39%) of 250 seats in the Assembly of the Republic[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 178[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 39th out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]
[i] President GUEBUZA is constitutionally barred from running for a third term
[iii] Mr. DHLAKAMA is currently in hiding after his group, RENAMO, deemed rebels, began violence after they accused the government, led by FRELIMO, of reneging on an agreement to end violence in the early 1990s.