At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Brazil
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011)*
- Head of Government: President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011)[i]
- Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 8-year terms.** In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***
** There are 27 multi-member (3 seats) constituencies corresponding to the country's 26 states and the Federal District. One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period. When two-thirds of the seats are to be renewed, each elector votes for two candidates. When one-third is to be renewed, each elector votes for one candidate.
*** There are 27 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 8 to 70 seats, based on population.
On Sunday 5 October 2014, Brazil will hold elections for president, the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) and the Federal Senate (Senado Federal).[ii] [iii] On 13 August 2014, presidential candidate, Eduardo CAMPOS of the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), died in a plane crash.[iv] His running mate, Marina SILVA, became the PSB presidential candidate and has taken a slight lead in the most recent poll.[v] [vi] In case a candidate does not win 50 percent of the vote in the first round, a runoff will be held on Sunday 26 October 2014.[vii]
Main candidates in the electoral race:
- Candidate: Aecio NEVES
- Candidate: Dilma Vana ROUSSEFF
- Candidate: Maria Osmarina Marina SILVA Vaz de Lima*
* Ms. Silva replaced Eduardo CAMPOS after he was killed in a plane crash. She ran for president of Brazil in 2010, winning 19 percent in the first round of voting. If elected in 2014, she will be Brazil’s first black president.
- The second round for the last election for president was 31 October 2010.[viii] Dilma ROUSSEFF of the Workers’ Party (PT) won 55,745,867 votes, defeating Jose SERRA of the Brazilian Social Demoracy Party (PSDB) who attained only 43,711,162 votes.[ix] Turnout was 73 percent with 106,563,671 of 135,753,295 people casting ballots.[x] Results for the second round can be found here and for the first round, held on 3 October 2010, here.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 102,664,070 (July 2014 est)[i]
- Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (since 1981)[ii]
- Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)[iii]
- Gender Quota: None for President. Yes: “Legislative Candidates Quotas” for both the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate[iv]
- Female Candidates in this election: 2
- Number of Female Legislators: 1 currently serves as president; 44 (9%) of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (2010); 13 (16%) of 81 seats in the Federal Senate[v]
- Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 79[vi]
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 8th out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]