At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Nigeria
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN *
- Head of Government: President Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN
- Assembly: Nigeria has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate with 109 seats and the House of Representatives with 360 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term). An absolute majority or at least 25% in two-thirds of the states is required for a candidate to be elected in the first round.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by qualified plurality vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 109 members are elected by simple majority vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 360 members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.
* Three members are elected from each of the 36 states and one from Abuja.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN
- Muhammadu BUHARI
- Patrick O. UTOMI
- Party: African Democratic Congress (ADC)
- Nuhu RIBADU
- Mallam Ibrahim SHEKARAU
Population and registered voters:
- Population: 163,770,669 (2011)
- Registered Voters: 73,528,040 (2011)
· Female Population: 80,479,209 (2011)
· Is Nigeria a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 April 1984)
· Has Nigeria ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 June 1985)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 11 (House of Representatives); 4 (Senate) following the 2011 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 152 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)
· Is Nigeria a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Nigeria ratified CRPD: Yes (24 September 2010)
· Population with a disability: 24,565,600 (est.)