At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Nigeria
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Olusegun OBASANJO *
- Head of Government: President Olusegun OBASANJO
- Assembly: Nigeria has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate with 109 seats and the House of Representatives with 360 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term). An absolute majority or at least 25% in two-thirds of the states is required for a candidate to be elected in the first round.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 109 members are elected by simple majority vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 360 members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.
* Three members are elected from each of the 36 states and one from Abuja.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Umaru Musa YAR'DUA
- Party: People's Democratic Party (PDP)
- Muhammadu BUHARI(RTD) GCFR
- Party: All Nigeria Peoples' Party (ANPP)
- Orji Uzor KALU
- Party: Progressive Peoples Alliance (PPA)
- Attahiru Dalhatu BAFARAWA
- Party: Democratic People's Party (DPP)
- Chris O. OKOTIE
- Party: Fresh Democratic Party (FRESH)
- Patrick O. UTOMI
- Party: African Democratic Congress (ADC)
- Oladapo AGORO
- Party: National Action Council (NAC)
- Chukwuemeka ODUMEGWU-OJUKWU
- Party: All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA)
- Alhaji Aliyu Habu FARI
- Party: National Democratic Party (NDP)
Last Presidential election:
- Presidential elections were last held on 19 April 2003. Olusegun OBASANJO was elected president with 61.9% of the vote. He was followed by Muhammadu BUHARI with 31.2% of the vote and Chukwuemeka Odumegwu OJUKWU with 3.3%.
Population and registered voters:
- Population: 147,152,502 (2007)
- Registered Voters: 61,567,036 (2007)
· Female Population: 72,431,259 (2007)
· Is Nigeria a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 April 1984)
· Has Nigeria ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 June 1985)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 25 (House of Representatives); 9 (Senate) following the 2003 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 152 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)
· Is Nigeria a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Nigeria ratified CRPD: Yes (24 September 2010)
· Population with a disability: 22,072,875 (est.)