At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Nicaragua
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Jose Arnoldo ALEMAN LACAYO
- Head of Government: President Jose Arnoldo ALEMAN LACAYO
- Assembly: Nicaragua has a unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) with 92 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. In order to avoid a run-off, a candidate must obtain 40 percent of the vote or 35 percent conditioned on the fact that s/he has at least a 5-point lead over the nearest rival.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
- In the National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) 90 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***
*** One seat is reserved for the previous president and one seat for the runner-up in previous presidential election. Currently, the Assembly has only 91 seats.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra
- Party: Sandinista National Liberation Front / Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN)
- Enrique BOLANOS Geyer
- Party: Constitutional Liberal Party / Partido Liberal Constitucionalista
- Alberto SABORIO
- Party: Conservative Party of Nicaragua / Partido Conservador de Nicaragua
Last Presidential election:
- The previous presidential election was held on 20 October 1996. In this election, Jose Arnoldo ALEMAN LACAYO won the presidency with 51.1% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 5,100,750 (2001)
- Registered Voters: 2,832,928 (2001)
· Female Population: 2,578,040 (2001)
· Is Nicaragua a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Nicaragua ratified CEDAW: Yes (27 October 1981)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 19 (following the 2001 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 125 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)
· Is Nicaragua a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Nicaragua ratified CRPD: Yes (7 December 2007)
· Population with a disability: 765,112 (est.)