At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Philippines
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Fidel Valdes RAMOS
- Head of Government: President Fidel Valdes RAMOS
- Assembly: Philippines has a bicameral Congress (Kongreso) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 24 seats and the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan) with 214 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 6-year term.
- In the Senate (Senado) 24 members are elected by popular vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan) 220 members are elected by popular vote to serve 3-year terms.**
* One-half of the members are elected every three years.
** The Constitution prohibits the House of Representatives from having more than 250 members.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Joseph ESTRADA
- Party: Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
- Jose de VENECIA
- Party: People Power-National Union of Christian Democrats (Lakas-NUCD)
- Raul ROCO
- Party: Democratic Action
- Emilio OSMENA
- Party: Progressive Movement for Development Initiatives (PROMDI)
- Alfredo LIM
- Party: Liberal Party (LP)
- Renato de VILLA
- Party: Reporma
Last Presidential election:
- The last presidential and vice presidential elections were held on May 11, 1992. In the presidential election, Fidel Valdes RAMOS received 23.6% of the vote and thus defeated Miriam SANTIAGO, his closest competitor with 19.7% of the vote.
In the vice presidential election, Joseph ESTRADA received 33.0% of the vote and thus defeated Marcelo FERNAN, his closest competitor with 21.7% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 74,656,228 (1998)
- Registered Voters: 34,163,465 (1998)
· Female Population: 37,026,041 (1998)
· Is Philippines a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (15 July 1980)
· Has Philippines ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 August 1981)
· Gender Quota: No (there are some political parties that have adopted voluntary gender quotas)
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 27 (House of Representatives); 4 (Senate) following the 1998 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 115 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)
· Is Philippines a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)
· Has Philippines ratified CRPD: Yes (15 April 2008)
· Population with a disability: 11,198,434 (est.)