ElectionGudie

April 10, 2008 Held

10,306,120
Voted
Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Election for Sambidhan Sabha (Nepali Constituent Assembly)

Results

-0%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:10,306,120
Valid Votes:-1
Invalid Votes:-1

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) 118 3,145,519

30.50%

Nepali Congress 36 2,348,890

22.80%

Nepal Communist Party/United Marxist-Leninist 33 2,229,064

21.60%

Madhesi Jan Adhikar Forum, Nepal 28 634,154

6.20%

Tarai Madhes Loktantrik Party 9 345,587

3.40%

Rastriya Prajatantra Party - - 310,214

3.00%

Sadhvawana Party 4 174,086

1.70%

Janamorcha Nepal 2 136,846

1.30%

Rastriya Jana Morcha Nepal 1 93,578

0.90%

Rastriya Jansakti Party - - 79,925

0.80%

Nepal Workers and Peasants Party 2 65,908

0.60%

Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Anandi Devi) - - 45,254

0.40%

Madhesi Janadhikar Forum, Madhesh - - -

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 601 seats in the Constituent Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Prime Minister Girija Prasad KOIRALA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Girija Prasad KOIRALA
  • Assembly: Nepal has a unicameral Constituent Assembly with 601 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Prime Minister is elected by party.
  • In the Constituent Assembly, 240 members are elected by direct popular vote to serve 2-year terms, 335 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 2-year terms and 26 members are designated by the prime minister to serve 2-year terms.***

*** The Constituent Assembly will replace the Interim Parliament, formed on Jan 15, 2007, until new legislative elections are held under the new constitution.

* 35 members of the National Council are chosen by the House of Representatives through a mixed system of proportional representation and single-transferable vote; 15 members are chosen by the five Development Regions; 10 are chosen by the monarch. One-third of the members are elected every two years to serve 6-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Nepali Congress (NC)
    • Leader: Girija Prasad KOIRALA
    • Seats won in this election: 36
    • Seats won in last election: 133
  • Party: Nepal Communist Party/United Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML)
    • Leader: Madhav Kumar NEPAL
    • Seats won in this election: 33
    • Seats won in last election: 83
  • Party: Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) (CPN-M)
    • Leader: Puspa Kamal DAHAL (PRACHANDA)
    • Seats won in this election: 118
    • Seats won in last election: 84
  • Party: Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP)
    • Leader: Pashupati Samsher RANA
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: 9
  • Party: Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Anandi Devi)
    • Leader: Anandi Devi SINGH
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Party: Rastriya Jana Morcha Nepal (RJN)******
    • Leader: Chitra BAHADUR K.C.
    • Seats won in this election: 1
    • Seats won in last election: 3
  • Party: Madhesi Jan Adhikar Forum, Nepal (MJF)
    • Leader: Upendra YADAV
    • Seats won in this election: 28
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Janamorcha Nepal********
    • Leader: Amik SHERCHAN
    • Seats won in this election: 2
    • Seats won in last election: 4
  • Party: Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP)
    • Leader: Narayan Man BIJUKCHE
    • Seats won in this election: 2
    • Seats won in last election: 4
  • Party: Rastriya Jansakti Party (RJP)
    • Leader: Surya Bahadur THAPA
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Madhesi Janadhikar Forum, Madhesh
    • Leader: Bhagyanath SHAH
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Tarai Madhes Loktantrik Party
    • Leader: Mahanta THAKUR
    • Seats won in this election: 9
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Sadhvawana Party
    • Leader: Rajendra MAHATO
    • Seats won in this election: 4
    • Seats won in last election: 0

****** Formerly People's Front (Janamorcha) Chitra BAHADUR K.C. Group
******** Formerly People's Front (Janamorcha) Amik SHERCHAN Group

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Legislative elections were last held in 2 stages on May 3 and May 17, 1999. The House of Representatives was dissolved in 2002.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 26,325,183 (2008)
  • Registered Voters: 17,609,895 (April 2008)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 13,413,695 (2008)

·         Is Nepal a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (5 February 1991)

·         Has Nepal ratified CEDAW: Yes (22 April 1991)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 197 (following the 2008 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 145 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Nepal a signatory to CRPD: Yes (3 January 2008)

·         Has Nepal ratified CRPD: Yes (7 May 2010)

·         Population with a disability: 3,948,777 (est.)